Five keys to the development of the hottest indust

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Five keys to industrial development and intelligent manufacturing

on January 11, the 2018 top 100 list summit of intelligent manufacturing and the 2019 annual meeting of China intelligent manufacturing 100 people conference were held in the China Science and technology hall. Fanhengshan, a famous economist and former Deputy Secretary General of the national development and Reform Commission, said in his speech that China should take intelligent manufacturing as the core of developing advanced manufacturing industry, take unconventional measures to accelerate development and form a leading edge in the world

fanhengshan said that the world is in a great change that has not been seen in a century. This change also includes a new pattern that has never been seen in the past in terms of the speed and intensity of scientific and technological innovation. To seize new opportunities, we should be quick to start, fierce to move and make full use of them

at present, China's industrial development is in an important period of change. With the rise and deepening of the world's new scientific and technological revolution, the deepening of the supply side structural reform, the transformation of China's economy from high-speed growth to high-quality development, the promotion of industrial optimization and upgrading, and the establishment of a modern economic system have become an inevitable choice and urgent task. Intelligent manufacturing has become an important part of the development of modern industries and a prominent highlight. Fanhengshan pointed out that in this process of change, it is necessary to clarify some understanding and grasp some key points. This includes the following five aspects:

first, the modern economic system includes the optimization and upgrading or modernization of industries, but the modernization of industries is not equal to the modernization of the economic system

the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly proposed to build a modern economic system for the first time, which is an inevitable choice to comply with the general trend of international innovation and the requirements of competition and to achieve high-quality development and stability of China's economy. Building a modern economic system is a systematic project, which involves the transformation, optimization or improvement of economic structure, quality, kinetic energy, mode, system and many other aspects. The establishment of a modern industrial system is an important and core content. According to the requirements of the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, this modern industrial system is an industrial system of coordinated development of the real economy, scientific and technological innovation, modern finance and human resources. To learn and understand the spirit of the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and to deeply understand and grasp the modern industrial system, I think it should have at least these characteristics:

first, it is based on and dominated by the real economy. Obviously, the development of "disenchantment from reality to emptiness" in previous years certainly does not conform to the direction of building a modern industrial system

second, it is led by innovation and can timely integrate the achievements created by the latest technology to achieve continuous improvement. Now there is a saying that we are facing a change that has not been seen in a century. This change not only reflects the major changes in the international governance system and the international economic pattern, but also reflects the connotation of the speed and depth of scientific and technological innovation. In this regard, it used to be hundreds of years, then decades, and then fourorfive years. Now, as the boss of Cisco said, Just oneortwo years

thirdly, it is supported by high-end scientific and technological talents and practical talents, and gathers the most innovative and practical people in the society. For the construction and development of the modern industrial system, two types of talents are crucial. One is the innovative talents who use the high-end scientific and technological contraction experiment to measure the pressure strength, relative shortening rate and section increasing rate of materials under static pressure, and the other is the practical talents who are skilled in various production links. The latter kind of talents are very popular at present, far better than those who study general theory and general science in schools

fourth, it is backed by modern finance, which reflects the close combination of the two. Financial services and various innovations are closely focused on promoting the industry to be better, stronger and bigger

fifthly, it still relies on sensitive systems and mechanisms, which can adapt to the requirements of the development of the situation and innovation, and constantly adjust, optimize and improve. The modernized industrial structure mainly embodies the above five characteristics. However, these five aspects are coordinated and mutually promoted, thus forming a collective advantage and overall effect

second, we should get rid of two misunderstandings in promoting industrial development and building a modern industrial system

scientific and technological activities are often closely integrated with the main battlefield of economic development. Scientific research is inseparable from economy and industrial development. Our scientists and scientific and technological workers should also have a correct judgment on the understanding of industrial development and not fall into misunderstanding. In this respect, many local government wood-based panel universal experimental machine fixtures include internal bonding strength fixture, internal bonding strength fixture, static bending strength fixture, elastic modulus fixture, screw grip force fixture, surface bonding strength fixture, and some economic researchers have misunderstandings. So we should get rid of these misunderstandings. It is particularly important to grasp two aspects:

first, all regions should not take the pursuit of high-end industries as the realistic goal. Both nationally and regionally, constantly promoting the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure is an unswerving direction and an ever-changing realistic task. The relevant plans formulated by the state will also put forward such requirements. However, whether we can develop the industry at the highest level and establish the so-called modern industrial structure in terms of practical choices should be based on our own reality, which includes the practical foundation, It also includes management and operation capability

in this regard, we should not unrealistically adopt the "one size fits all" approach and go hand in hand with the requirements. If we do this blindly, not only will the lack of resource concentration lead to weak follow-up development and the formation of a tail and tail, but also lead to the enhancement of resource elements among regions and the intensification of homogeneous and homogeneous competition. A region should base itself on the long term and strive to pursue the high-end development of the industry. However, in reality, it should act according to its ability, step by step, choose the appropriate industrial structure, choose the industrial structure that can be achieved with great efforts, and keep moving forward. There are many lessons to be learned from the waste of resources and the decline of the industry as a result of aiming high and blindly pursuing high. Of course, this does not mean that we should not be enterprising, cautious, capable and qualified. We should dare to work hard and go ahead. We said that when determining the industrial development goals, we should proceed from reality and should not exceed our own abilities and conditions, but we can be a little higher and reach them on tiptoe, which reflects the continuous development and improvement

we have a profound lesson in the blind pursuit of high-end. As a whole, the country must grasp the direction of industrial development and advocate the development of some industrial categories that represent the symbol of the times. Where conditions permit, the country should also reflect this requirement, but it does not mean that all places can do so. I remember that there were such problems in the development plans of the past few five years. The state advocated the development of iron and steel, automobile and chemical industry, and then more than 20 provinces and cities took the development of these three industries as the main body; Later, the state advocated the development of new energy, new materials and new electronics, and more than 20 provinces and cities took them as their main industries; Today, the State advocates digital economy, artificial intelligence and quantum information, and some regions rush into mass action. This has resulted in the dispersion of resources, the isomorphism of industries, and the vicious competition in various regions, which has also affected the pace of national industrial progress

second, all regions should not regard the high proportion of the tertiary industry as the standard to measure the high-end industry. Some special regions, especially some special cities, can make efforts in this direction, but the whole country cannot take this as the standard, and most regions cannot do so. The reality is that when making government work reports, we see that the executive heads of almost all localities are talking about how much the proportion of agriculture has decreased this year, how much the proportion of tertiary industries has increased, and how much the industrial structure has moved towards high-end. We often see that some analyses are often compared with the United States and Europe. In fact, such analyses and analogies are unscientific. Why? First, the tertiary industry does not exist independently, but depends on the primary industry and the secondary industry. Without primary and secondary industries, how can there be tertiary industries? How can the fur be attached when the skin is gone? Second, China's national conditions make it impossible for us to eliminate the primary industry. It is not excluded that Beijing and Shanghai have their own particularities and can take the development of service industry as the main body. For example, Beijing should optimize its urban functions, or even prevent it from engaging in general manufacturing, and should relocate industries that do not meet the core functions of the capital. Therefore, it can develop more tertiary industries

however, from a national perspective, such a simple understanding is unscientific. China has a population of 1.4 billion. Food, cotton and other important agricultural products are related to the national economy and the people's livelihood. We must rely on our own production and firmly hold it in our hands. Otherwise, there may not be someone who will help us at a critical time, and in fact, they can't help us. The bottleneck problem of chips in the Sino US trade war has taught us a profound lesson. For many years, we have been pursuing the principle that buying is better than making, and renting is better than buying. We blindly rely on the external market, and we can't stand being stuck by others. Finally, we finally understand that the core key technologies can't be bought unless they are bought or begged. We have to rely on ourselves. Places like Heilongjiang and Henan, as important agricultural product bases in China, can never be eliminated. We can not be like the United States, which is the world's largest economic power and military power. It can allocate resources all over the world. If there is no oil, just fight against oil-rich countries; There is no food left, and some hegemonism can be achieved. Therefore, as far as the whole of China is concerned, we cannot eliminate agriculture, and we must maintain a certain proportion at all times. For some regions, due to geographical location, resource endowments and other reasons, it is necessary to develop specific industries such as grain and cotton according to the unified requirements of national spatial layout, so the primary industry cannot be eliminated according to their own wishes. In terms of optimizing and upgrading the industrial structure, what all regions should do together is to improve the modernization level of various industries; Second, we should pay attention to the development of the real economy and consolidate the foundation of the real economy, especially the development of the secondary industry. If this foundation is consolidated, the proportion of the tertiary industry will rise, and this development is not a simple foam development and virtual development, but a real source of water and a tree with roots. Of course, we should establish a compensation mechanism for Henan and Heilongjiang provinces, which undertake the important task of developing grain and cotton for the whole country, so that they will not suffer losses in low value-added production in accordance with the unified arrangements of the state and will not fall behind in the process of modernization

third, to promote industrial development, we should create leading advantages on the basis of highlighting comparative advantages, and form as high a competitive advantage as possible

the most direct, realistic and scientific way for regions to promote industrial development is to give play to their own comparative advantages. However, the comparative advantage is not necessarily a leading advantage, nor is it necessarily a competitive advantage. Therefore, it is necessary to use various effective means to upgrade the comparative advantage to a leading advantage

based on practical experience, in terms of accelerating regional development, there are three ideas closely related to industrial development: first, the idea of "overtaking at a curve", which is to take advantage of special opportunities to accelerate development and achieve Transcendence on the basis of inheriting traditional industries. Second, leapfrog development, which is selective

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